Three to five years is a crucial age for the child’s growth and development because he has rapid changes in his sensory, motor, physical, and cognitive abilities. He is genuinely new to his teachers and friends and steps out into the real world of socialization. While the school is the child’s second home, you must ensure that his first home creates an optimized learning environment for him. Continue reading ahead to learn about 15 ways to engage three to five-year-olds at home.
1. Trace letters with the little ones.
Teaching the child about letters and numbers is essential to help him excel in life. It is common for children to invest more time in play rather than a conventional study with a book and pencil. Thus, you must think out of the box and incorporate creative teaching methods at home. One such idea includes the use of a paper, pencil, and marker. All you need to do is write letters lightly in pencil and then ask the child to overwrite on them.
2. Jigsaw puzzles help in all-round development.
Solving jigsaw puzzles with your child can help you spend quality time with the little one. It helps the child to develop motor skills and patience. Please note that when you are choosing a jigsaw puzzle, it must have bigger pegs that the little hands of your child can handle effortlessly.
3. Hopscotch is not restricted to the 90s kids.
As kids, we loved hopscotch, but we rarely see anyone play it now. For the uninitiated, it is the perfect game to help your child develop aim and encourages hand-eye coordination. Necessarily, he must throw a bean bag or pebble at a particular square on the ground. It also aids the child in developing body balance and a desire to strive for excellence.
4. Match the cards with one another.
Keeping your child still and seated at home is pointless because the young body and mind want to explore the world. One of the best ways to make this possible is with the help of a card game. What you need to do is that you must make cutout pairs with matching shapes, numbers, animals, fruits, vegetables, objects, and more. It is somewhat similar to the Mahjong game. Then, the child has to find all the pairs and match them accordingly. It is a fantastic way to teach them new words and help in identification.
5. Rush to the kitchen and collect the pulses.
You must have often heard people tell you that children must stay away from the kitchen because it is a dangerous place with knives and fire. But what if we advise you that you can use pulses to make a fun and productive activity for your child? Well, all you need to do is collect three to four different types of vibrations in separate jars. Then, mix them up in a bowl and ask your child to segregate them. In the process, he learns about color, texture, and smell (if any). Please remember that it is not just the girls who need to know about food items. Boys must also be aware because they surely don’t wish to starve when they grow up!
6. A treasure hunt for colors sounds exciting.
The child’s active mind loves to find out things. Colors intrigue children because their eyes love and seek vibrancy. Using this fact to your benefit, you must create a treasure hunt at home that focuses on one color. For example, if you pick blue, then you must create a scavenger hunt with clues such as a blue bottle, blue box, blue paper, blue pants, and likewise. Always remember to reward the child when he wins. You can keep this a weekly activity.
7. Talk to them about the changing season.
You may not realize that the seasons are great life teachers. Sit with your child on the terrace, balcony, or park and discuss the changing weather. Help them to observe the different clothes you wear, such as a raincoat or sweater, the color of the leaves, the time of sunset and sunrise, various flowers and birds you see, and so on. Your child should not only know what’s there in the books but should also have a keen eye for detail in the real world.
8. Use their sensory skills.
Last but not least, sensory development is perhaps the most important for a child because it develops even before they are able to communicate in verbal language. Make them touch and feel different things such as a smooth feather, a rough pebble, the furry tail of the dog, cold and lukewarm water, etc. As Maria Montessori and Rousseau have said, let the child explore and protect him only when needed.
For younger kids use the following activities:
9. Paint together
10. Give them some water to paint on the wall with tiles
11. Put a sticky paper blackboard on the wall and let them enjoy
12. Give small pieces of the paper, ask them to stick them into shapes drawn by you
13. Give homemade dough (prepare the normal dough with warm water, food color and a lot of salt, so that they don’t eat that)
14. Make a chain of sketch pens or crayons
15. Keep different color objects and play “what color you want?” by asking them to pick the color you name.
In addition to the points mentioned above, you must also remember to set an example for your child. He sees, learns, and replicates what you do. Leaders are not born but made, and play is also “work” for them!